Part I Translate the following English into Chinese. (50 points)
1. The learned think themselves superior to the common herd. _______
2. Unlimited liability means that each partner is responsible for all debts and legal responsibilities in connection with the business. _______
3. He has a large collection of books, many of which are written in English. _______
4. We shall appreciate it if you will arrange shipment by a direct steamer to London. _______
5. Our teacher is very busy, for she often gets caught up in everyday things. ____________
6. If you learn to read the signs, you can tell whether what a person says is what he really means, or whether, like the man whose stomach does not move when he laughs, he is trying to deceive you.
7. It was founded in 1865 by William Booth.
8. When the above goods are available for export, please let us know by cable. _______
9. University students are different from middle school students in that they try to learn by themselves. _______
10. One should always keep in mind the old truth “First impressions are lasting”. _______
11. There is no point in sending a card, so we had better send a greeting telegram. _______
12. As a result of the bad weather, I had to stay at home all morning. _______
13. Young as he was, he was equal to the task. _______
14. Is there a lower limit for the foreign party in the registered capital? _______
15. Statistics show that the average family size increases in inverse ratio to the mother’s years of education. _______
16. His pleasant personality is derived from his good humor and understanding. _______
17. This exam is not that important. Don’t take it to heart. _______
18. Seen from space, our earth, with water covering 70% of its surface, appears as a “blue planet”. _______
19. He showed how stubborn he was by doing it in his own way and refusing to listen to advice. _______
20. It is in view of our standing business relationship that we make you such a counter-offer. _______
21. We are here today and gone tomorrow.
A. 人生朝露。 B. 今日在世，明日辞世。
C. 我们今天在这儿，明天就走了。D. 今朝虽在此，明已奔他处。
22. John is tall like I am the Queen of Sheba.
23. This explanation is pretty thin.
A. 这种解释站不住脚。 B. 这种说法过于牵强。
C. 这种说明理由不充分。D. 这种话太不靠谱。
24. He went inside alone to wet his whistle.
25. Five scores is like a day that has just gone by flight, and one thousand years the passing clouds in your sight.
26. Headed by a general, it is organized on a military basis and exacts unquestioning obedience from its members, who were a distinctive uniform on public occasions.
27. Public worships consist of open-air meetings marked by brass bands and banners.
28. The Army is active in all kinds of social work, including the care of criminals and drunkards, soup kitchens where the hungry get fed, worker’s hostels, and night shelters.
29. Those people it helps also contribute by rendering service as food servers in its soup kitchens and night attendants in its night shelters.
30. The Salvation Army also operates Thrift Shops where used clothing and other items are sold at very reasonable prices.
31. Its headquarters are in London.
A. 该部队的总部在伦敦。B. 在伦敦有其总司令部。
C. 其总部设在伦敦。 D. 伦敦是其总部所在地。
32. In Britain, gypsies are often treated with disapproval, lack of trust, and lack of understanding because their way of life is so different from the way most other British people live.
B. 在英国， 吉普赛人的生活方式经常得不到认同，他们也得不到信任和理解，因为他们的生活方式和其他大多数英国人大相径庭。
33. She wasn’t one of those girls who are all SA and IT.
34. Yes, Sure. I think that old scoundrel is robbing the cradle.
35.We also realize that the rules of the trade order that is currently taking shape still requires much work and clarification.
36.There is a common desire among cocoa producing and coca consuming countries to continue their cooperation in the world cocoa economy.
37. Many great writers were not appreciated fully while they were alive.
38. One of the most important ways of earning money in the south of china is by keeping silkworms.
39. We do not necessarily grow wiser as we grow older. _______
40. Young children are harsh food critics - things that they like are “ yummy ”, while everything else is just “yucky. “
A. 年幼的孩子是苛刻的食物批评家 – 他们喜欢的食物就是“美味佳肴”，而其他一切都“令人讨厌”。
Part II Translate the following Chinese into English. (50 points)
A. Indri is a large arboreal lemur of Madagascar, often perching in the trees and having large eyes and a rudimentary tail.
B. Big lemur originated from Madagascar, that lives on the trees and with large eyes and withered tail.
C. Large lemurs are indris mainly living in Madagascar, they often perch in trees and characterized by their big eyes and a regressive tail.
D. Giant fox monkey belonging to indri spies living in trees, with big eyes and tails of vestige.
A. Good mentality does not come to everybody. So some people never laugh.
B. Some people are always in a good mood, whereas others never smile.
C. Some people are forever happy-go-lucky, while others seldom smile.
D. There are people who always have a light heart, but there are also others who keep pulling a long face.
A. We have adopted his methods, thus improving the production by 20%.
B. His way of production is accepted by us, so the productivity rose 20%.
C. We promote the productivity by 20% by adopting his method.
D. Production was improved by 20% when we had taken his method.
A. A competent estate representative should know the tendency of real estate market.
B. An effective deputy should have the ability to assess the estate market.
C. An agent specialized in real estate knows well the local market of realty.
D. One good estate agent knows the trends in local real estate.
A. We do not have a spacious office since we three people have to share the same room.
B. I must share my office with three other people, so our space is rather narrow.
C. We three do not have much personal space of ourselves because I and three others need to share one room.
D. I have to share my office with three others, so our spaces are small.
A. To ask for the feedback and opinions of everybody is always a good idea when coming to a decision that would affect all the people.
B. It is always a sound idea to solicit for the feedback and opinion of everyone involved when it comes to a decision that will affect them.
C. When you need to make a decision that could influence all the people, you should get to know the feedback and suggestions from everyone.
D. You wouldn’t be wrong to take and consider the advice and feedback of the masses when making an important decision that would affect everybody.
A. He is still young, had had however to wear a partial wig to cover part of his bold head.
B. Young as he still is, he needs to wear a partial wig to cover the baldness on part of his head.
C. Though he is not old at all, it is necessary for him to wear a small hairpiece to cover his partial baldness.
D. Despite of his age, he actually needs to wear a partial hairpiece to conceal his baldness on part of his head.
A. Language corresponds to culture, the existence of a great deal of expressions that carries some derogatory sense and racial discrimination indicates there still is a tense relationship between nationalities and racial groups.
B. Language and culture are closed connected. There still exists a visible tension among different nationalities and ethnic races in the USA, which is shown in the present day American English.
C. Language reflects culture. The fact that there still exist a lot of words with derogatory meanings regarding ethnics and races shows that America still has very tense relations between nationalities and ethnic groups.
D. Culture is reflected in language, and the large number of pejorative ethnic terms in American English shows that the United States still suffers from ethnic and racial tensions.
A. In conformity with this law, the state senator Paul Shin, a Korean-descendant said that the passing of this article is due to the fact that “Oriental” is a nomencriture that borders on disparaging and offending sense.
B. According to the law's sponsor, Korean-American state senator Paul Shin, the law was passed because the term "Oriental" is "pejorative terminology" and "offensive."
C. That’s because the term “eastern people” that carries an uncomplimentary sense that the passing of this article became facile.
D. In accord with this item of law, which the Korean-offspring senator Paul Shen who proposed, remarked that this term of Eastman is rather offending and derogatory which created the smooth passing of the act of law.
A. He seeks illumination from the works of great philosophers.
B. He has found great enlightenment in the philosophical works of those sages.
C. On his part the awakening ideas are all got from those great oracles.
D. It is in the great works of philosophers that he tries to explore edification.
A. This is the only charitarian who comes into my mind who give others his money and property without any conditions.
B. He is the only philanthropist I can think of who gave away his fortune with absolutely no strings binding its use.
C. I can only find in my memory one kind and charitable personage with absolute no binding contitions when giving out his pelf.
D. Giving away one’s own wealth to others without any requirements, he is the single philanthropist I can think of.
A. There is a vacancy for the professorship in Zoology and it is advertised already.
B. The professorship of zoology is vacant and has been advertised.
C. The vacancy of professorship in zoology is already advertized its retaining.
D. There has already been advertised the vacancy of a zoology professorship.
A. This botanist has made great contributions to the research of many hardwood trees for example American liriodendron, basswood, cottonwood.
B. This botanist made a good study of many of various deciduous trees such as the tulip tree, basswood, or cottonwood
C. The botanist specialises in endospermum medullosum such as Liriodendron basswood, or cottonwood.
D. The botanist’s achievements concentrate on the research in endospermum medullosum, such as American tulip tree, basswood and cottonwood.
A. There is no major environmental pollution ever found in the whole area, and the most of the lakes and rivers are still in an original state.
B. There has never occurred any serious accident of environmental pollution, and the rivers and lakes are still in a state of primitive raw condition.
C. No major environmental pollution accident has occurred in this area, and most of its major rivers and lakes are still kept in a primordial state.
D. The whole area has not experienced any serious pollution. And the major lakes and rivers are still in a state of unspoiled nature.
A.He admitted the ferocious action he had carried out to enjoy his appetite:the cruel consumption of raw meat,such as monkey cerebrum and geese palms.
B.The man talked about the evil karma he had created with his mouth,because he cruelly ate living beings’flesh such as monkey brains and goose feet.
C.He mentioned the vices he has committed for his edacity:eating creatures alive like savages,including monkey brains and goose feet.
D.He had depicted the uncivilized deeds for the joy of his saliva:he had ruthlessly eaten animals alive,including monkey head and geese palms.
A.Don’t you call me “compatriot” or “a man forgetting his origin,”otherwise you are giving me the right to criticize your great and impressive country,as I have to do to my country Malaysia.
B.You are actually granting me the power to make commernts on your big country just as I do have for the criticism of Malaysia when you call me your fellow countrymen.
C.If you call me a “national” or a “man oblivious of ancestry,” I will be given the authority of criticizing your large nation,as I do have for my own nation – Malaysia.
D.Your calling me “citizen” and “defector” can only mean I may criticize your great country as I do to my own country –Malaysia.
A.I’ve always been a person that persists my own ways,for no one could ever influence my mind.
B.I am a person of my own;from the people nothing will affect my ideas.
C.I am doing as I please,and there’s no one who can influence my thoughts.
D.I am a person always going on my own way,and no body can ever affect my ways of thinking.
A.The general image of him in people’s hearts was a notorious dictator:a coward full of cunning tricks,and he was so greedy that invites attacks from many crowds of people.
B.In the kingdom under his reign,he was generally regarded as monarch of low IQ,though brimful of cunning,yet blinded by the love of gain,which finally led to a general surge against him.
C.His profile in the general public is such as despot,a coward blinded for lust for riches,and his avarice eventually caused accusations from all around.
D.The popular image of him is of a classically bad king:a scheming,untrustworthy coward consumed by greed,whose rapaciousness drove his subjects to impose their will upon him.
A.A great many people among them have thrown themselves into the search of peace and Eghert,whereas some would rather have the sword go at a slant sharp edge.
B.The majority of them have been in quest o a peaceful and bright future for the nation,while others have embarked on quite an unusual road.
C.The greater part of them took an initiative in seeking peace and democracy,but the remining few would rather take some paradoxical ways towards success.
D.While many of them devote themselves to the pursuit of peace and light,there are those who walk different paths.
A.Such absurdity of male adulation went up to the summit in public artistic theories during the 19th Century.
B.The absurdity of flattery towards the male reached its peak in the 19th century’s Public Art Theory.
C.That fantasticality of fawning towards males went to the zenith in the public academic art of the nineteenth century.
D.This ridiculous male flattering culminated in the nineteenth century’s common aesthetic theory.
A. We must watch closely to prevent and treat diseases that seriously harm people’s health.
B. We must pay close attention to the prevention and treatment of serious diseases seriously harming people’s health.
C. We must do all we can to prevent and treat serious diseases.
D. We must pay close attention to prevent and treat serious diseases.
A. Flattery is more dangerous than hatred because the former covers the stains while the latter has them wiped out.
B. Flattery covers up one’s stin while hatred erases it, so the former is more perilous than the latter.
C. Hostility imposes less threat than flattery, because the former masks the smudge whereas the latter has it mopped up.
D. Evil intended flattering is more dangerous than obvious,for the former conceals human blemish, while the latter urges people to have it wiped out.
A. He doesn’t need a last jolt of adrenaline or a dose of adulation, or a prolonged narcissism, and nor does he need any more wealth or tropies.
B. Nothing now was his necessity, neither the last provocation, flattery and time-honored ego bath, nor money and trophies.
C. It is not necessary for him to have all this stimulation, greatness, self-indulgence, nor does he need any more wealth or cups of reward.
D. There is no need for him to get the last excitement, flattery, self-complacence,more money and trophies.
A. Power and corruption often go together, everybody begins to rack brains to please him, boodle him, while the whole small group is turned into an abyss.
B. Power would produce corruption and everyone started to curry favor with him, bribe him, so the whole small organization was suffering from the chokedamp.
C. Unchecked power generates corruption. And now most people try to please and bribe him with all they can, thus churning the whole group pretty much of a mess.
D. Putrefaction often comes with unrestrained power. And now people begin to play up to him, and even tries to bribe him, so the whole team is thrown into a chaos.
A. But when the citizens can not have their rights and interests well protected, the instinct of self-protection will tell ourselves, that the best policy to protect oneself is talking no national affairs.
B. Let’s leave off discussing affairs of state and that is the best protection of one’s own freedom, especially when civilians’ rights and interests are not well protected.
C. But when it is impossible to secure the civilians’ right and interest, the sense of self-protection will tell you that the best way to protect your freedom is not to discuss about the state affairs.
D. When these rights are not protected, however, our instinct of self-preservation tells us that indifference of the national affairs is the best constitutional guarantee for personal liberty.
A. Yet, behind all this surging waves of merger and acquisition, up to the present, there are not so many triumphant examples to follow.
B. However, behind this blustery merger and acquisition tide, successful cases of such activities can hardly be seen.
C. But, there are very few cases of successful mergers and acquisitions behind all such surge of rising winds and scudding clouds.
D. Nonetheless, few successful cases of mergers and acquisitions are shown clearly behind all these gigantic waves of acquisition activities.
A. The outer works of the stronghold has a very narrow entrance.
B. The peripheral works of the fortification has a very narrow entrance.
C. The fortress leads to its outside words with a small ingress.
D. There is a narrow entrance into the outwork of a fortification
A. He thought the Chop Suey was more delicious than anything he had ever tasted before, not even in China.
B. He thought the Chop Suey was more delicious than anything he had ever tasted before, even in China.
C. He thought the Chop Suey was such a delicacy he had never before tasted anywhere, even in China.
D. He thinks had never before tasted anywhere, even in China.
A. After having been ill for years, he is now quite well.
B. Though having been ill for years, he is now quite well.
C. Although having been ill for years, he is now quite well.
D. Although having been ill , he is now quite well.
A. Mr. Huang studies the doctor’s degree at Zhongshan University.
B. Mr. Huang is studying the doctor’s degree at Zhongshan University.
C. Mr. Huang works for the doctor’s degree at Zhongshan University.
D. Mr. Huang is studying the doctor’s degree.
A. Looking out of our windshield, the pagoda would be seen by us in the distance.
B. Looking out of our windshield, the pagoda was seen by us in the distance.
C. Looking out of our windshield, we could see the pagoda in the distance.
D. Looking out of our windshield, the pagoda would be seen.
A. The famous painting came into the possession of the man.
B. The famous painting came into possession of the man.
C. The man came into the possession of the famous painting.
D. The famous painting came into the possession of the famous painting.
A. There are many more such issues, and if we don’t properly handle them, they could easily shake our policies and affect the overall situation of reform.
B. There are many more such issues, and if not properly handled, they could easily shake our policies and affect the overall situation of reform.
C. There are many problems like this one, and if we don’t handle them properly, our policies could easily be undermined and the overall reform affected.
D. There are many problems like this, hey could easily shake our policies and affect the overall situation of reform.
A. Since there was research direction, I plunged myself into the library and stayed there for two months.
B. After setting up the research objective, I worked in the library for as long as two months.
C. After setting up the research objective, I went into the library for as long as two months.
D. Since there was research direction, I worked in the library for as long as two months.
A. In the short span of the last dozen years, the rapid development of our country has delighted the people and attracted world attention.
B. In the short span of the past 10 more years, the rapid development of our country has delighted the people and focused world attention.
C. In the short span of the past decade years, the rapid development of our country has delighted the people and accumulated world attention.
D. In the short span of the past decade years, the rapid development of our country has delighted the people.
A. Our information technology has won one brilliant victory after another.
B. We have won one brilliant victory after another in information technology.
C. Our information technology has made one brilliant victory after another.
D. We have won one brilliant victory after another.
A. From ancient time to now, all the people who have prestige treat their lives by their hearts. As long as he lives, he will make full strength to work more and study more. He is unwilling to live without any achievement and waste his time leisurely.
B. All those people of great achievements from ancient times take their lives seriously. As long as they are alive, they always try their best to do more work and learn more knowledge. They never let the time slip through their fingers.
C. From the old times, people who held big success treated their lives seriously. When he was living a day, he might try his best to work, to study as much as possible. He did not obey himself to waste his life, his living time. He can not obey the timeis slipping.
D. From the old times, people who held big success treated their lives seriously. When he was living a day, he might try his best to work, to study as much as possible. They never let the time slip through their fingers.
A. Little grass is smiling slightly. Please walk on the pavement.
B. Little grass says smilingly: “Walk on the pavement, please.”
C. Please keep off the grass.
D. Little grass says smilingly: Please walk on the pavement.
A. Today, the fog was wonderfully thin, which was slightly mixed with golden sunshine that cloaked everything on the ground with a happy color.
B. Today, the fog was so thin that it was somehow mixed with golden sunlight, looking as if everything on the ground were covered by a layer of joyful hue.
C. Today, however, the fog was wonderfully thin and the air was filtered through with golden sunlight that tinted everything on the ground with a joyful hue.
D. Today, the fog was so thin that it was somehow mixed with golden sunlight, that cloaked everything on the ground with a happy color.
A. New achievements have been made in the construction of ideological civilization.
B. New achievements have been made in the social construction of spiritual civilization.
C. Further progress has been made in the enhancement of the social construction of ideological infrastructure.
D. New achievements have been made in the social construction of civilization.